COVID-19 Vaccines

Vaccine Boosters

Everyone age 12 and older is eligible to get a COVID-19 booster dose. 

  • Moderna recipients age 18 and older should get a booster at least 5 months after second their second shot. 
  • Pfizer recipients age 12 and older should get a booster at least 5 months after their second shot. 
  • Johnson & Johnson recipients age 18 and older should get a Pfizer or Moderna booster at least 2 months after their initial shot. 
  • Children younger than 12: a booster is not recommended at this time. 

Adults 50 years of age and older and immunocompromised individuals are now eligible to get an additional or second Pfizer or Moderna booster dose at least 4 months after their first booster. (whether they received a Pfizer, Moderna, or Johnson & Johnson booster).  Older adults -- especially those with underlying medical conditions -- and people with compromised immune systems are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 and are among those most likely to benefit from the additional protection of a second booster shot. 

The CDC recommends that people who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine get the Pfizer or Moderna booster. The CDC advises people who got a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine to get the same booster as their initial vaccine, but allows them to mix and match (i.e., get a different COVID-19 booster than their initial vaccine) depending on preference or availability -- with the exception of adolescents age 12-17 who are only eligible to receive the Pfizer vaccine. 

For people who are moderately or severely immunocompromised please visit the CDC COVID-19 website for more information. 

Benefits of Getting Vaccinated

The COVID-19 vaccines help protect people in these ways: 

  • They greatly reduce your chance of getting seriously ill, even if you do get COVID-19
  • Completing the vaccine series reduces your chances of hospitalization and lowers your risk of dying from COVID-19
  • They are highly effective at preventing COVID-19
  • They add to the number of people in the community who are protected from getting COVID-19 - making it harder for the disease to spread

How Would COVID Vaccines Work in Your Body

Tools For Patients

Stopping a pandemic requires using all the tools available. Vaccines work with your immune system so your body will be ready to fight the virus if you are exposed. Other steps, like covering your mouth and nose with a mask and staying at least 6 feet away from others helps reduce your chance of being exposed to the virus or spreading it to others. While experts learn more about the protection that COVID-19 vaccines provide under real-life conditions, it will be important for everyone to continue using all the infection control measures available to us to help stop this pandemic.